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iWit Letter 



Maxine Schaefer Retires after 

20 Years as Secretary 

In January of 1974, a small group of Lewis Carroll enthu- 
siasts met in Princeton, New Jersey, and the Lewis Carroll 
Society of North America was born. On that memorable day, 
Maxine Schaefer volunteered to do some secretarial work for 
the new society. In the ensuing two decades, Maxine has served 
as more than just the Society ' s only secretary — she has been the 
glue that holds the Society together. This fall, after more than 
twenty years of service, Maxine is retiring. Although we will 
miss her greatly, we wish her all the best and send her much love 
and affection to enjoy during her 
new found spare time. 

Maxine' s interest in collecting 
Lewis Carroll began when she dis- 
covered that her future mother-in- 
law was a Carroll collector. While 
on her honeymoon with husband and 
fellow Carrollian, David, she insisted 
on visiting bookstores, and acquired 
a Mexican edition of Alice for the 
collection. Following the death of 
her mother-in-law, Maxine contin- 
ued to purchase Carroll books, mail- 
ing them from her home near Wash- 
ington, DC. to the home of the col- 
lection in New York City. Subse- Maxine Schaefer with Some 
quently, David and Maxine inherited the collection, and have 
cared for it as it continues to grow to this day. 

Anyone who has visited the Schaefer' s beautiful home will 
know what effort Maxine put into the creation of the "Lewis 
Carroll Room." She has paid particular attention to the collec- 
tion of parodies of the Alice books, and has built one of the finest 
parody collections in the world. 

Another unique aspect of Maxine' s collecting habit was 
revealed in the recent television documentary Great Books- 
Alice in Wonderland, partially filmed in Maxine' s home. 
Maxine showed viewers her collection of Alice teapots — a 
collection which will be added to when the Society presents her 
with a custom designed, one-of-a-kind, "Thank You Maxine" 
teapot at the fall meeting in Princeton. 

Maxine is known as a Carroll fan wherever she goes, 
especially to those who pay attention to her jewelry. She only 
wears Alice pins and, as those who work with her at the 
National Institute of Health know, each of her pins has a story. 

She has also engendered an interest in 
Carroll within her own family, and two of 
her grandchildren are especially taken with Alice. 

Maxine has represented the LCSNA abroad at the celebra- 
tion of Carroll's 150th birthday in Oxford in the summer of 
1982, and at the First International Lewis Carroll Conference in 
Oxford in 1989. Her proudest moment in representing our 
Society, though, came when she and David travelled to London 
for the dedication of the Lewis Carroll Memorial in Poets' 
Corner in Westminster Abbey in December of 1982. In a 
moving ceremony attended by members of Carroll's and Alice' s 
families, Maxine and David laid a 
wreath on the newly dedicated stone. 
As secretary of the LCSNA, 
Maxine has done much more than 
collect dues, manage the mailing list, 
send gentle reminders to delinquent 
members and gracious thanks to con- 
tributors, mail notices of meetings 
and copies of newsletters, and all the 
other many tasks that enable the So- 
ciety to continue operation. She has 
answered the endless stream of que- 
ries sent to the Society — queries so 
varied that they are impossible to 
imagine unless you have perused the 
Carrollian Descendants top of Maxine's desk. Her patient 

dealings with all who want information about Carroll, Alice, or 
the LCSNA have brought publicity, new members, and pres- 
tige to the Society as it has grown over its first two decades. 

Maxine's abilities as correspondent were taxed to their 
fullest in 1977, when she had to answer over 5000 letters 
relating to the publication by the Society of The Wasp in a Wig. 
With the help of her family, Maxine was equal to the task, and 
the entire project became a feather in the cap of the Society. 

In this day of rapid changes, few people are able to hold a 
single job for as long as twenty years. That Maxine has done 
so when the job involved long hours, no pay, and few fringe 
benefits, is a tribute to her tenacity, her vigor, and her devotion 
to both Lewis Carroll and the LCSNA. 

We know Maxine will continue to be an active member of 
the Society that she loves and helped to start. We will miss 
having you as secretary, Maxine, but, even if the next mailing 
comes from a new address for the first time in twenty years, we 
will know that you are the one who made it all possible. 


The Last Word 

Four years seemed like a long time 
when I assumed the mantle of the LCSN A 
presidency in Baltimore in 1990. On 
November 12, in Princeton, I will hap- 
pily pass on that mantle to the new presi- 
dent and retire to write my memoirs. 

Oh, why bother to wait. I'll just write 
them here and now, a sort of State of the 
Society Address, if you will — reflections 
on where we've been in the past four 
years and where we should be going 
between now and the millennium's end. 

It's been a productive four years for 
theLCSNA. In 1990, this administration 
had certain goals in mind, and we've met 
them — which is not exactly the same 
thing as keeping campaign promises, but 
still . . . 

In the interest of the long-term stabil- 
ity of the Society, we wanted to establish 
our proper tax status with the IRS, a task 
begun by the previous administration. 
Thanks to hard work by our treasurer, 
Fran Abeles, all contributions to the 
LCSNA are now fully tax-deductible to 
the extent allowed by law. 

Another step towards ensuring the 
survival of the Society into the next cen- 
tury was the opening up of the Executive 
Board. With the help of that board, I was 
able to draft and introduce a change to the 
Society's constitution that provided for 
both elected and appointed seats on the 
board for non-officers, and which cre- 
ated a Board of Advisors to assist in 
guiding the society. These moves should 
encourage participation in Society busi- 
ness by a broader base of membership. 

Our publishing program has flour- 
ished in the past four years. Editing, 
designing, typesetting, and producing the 
Knight Letterhas probably been the most 
time consuming part of my job as presi- 
dent, but, as I look at the stack of back 
issues on my desk, I realize it has been 
richly rewarding as well. In the past four 
years, we have produced fourteen Knight 
Letters (thirteen edited by myself and 
one by 1 990' s outgoing editor Stan Marx). 
Though this makes us two issues shy of 
a true quarterly, it's about as close as 
we've ever come. During that time the 

KL expanded from four to six pages, and 
recently we have published a few eight- 
page issues. In all, with help from the 
many members who contributed, from 
August Imholtz who wrote the meeting 
reports, and from Maxine Schaefer who 
managed the mailing list, the member- 
ship has received ninety-two pages of 
Knight Letters in the past four years. 
Thank you so much to all who helped and 
for your many kind and encouraging 

In addition to the Knight Letter, we 
have pursued the more audacious task of 
book publishing. Under the excellent 
editorship of Stan Marx and Edward 
Guiliano, who worked for years to bring 
this project to fruition, the first two vol- 
umes of The Complete Pamphlets of 
Lewis Carroll have been published. Ed- 
ward Wakeling' s Oxford Pamphlets, pub- 
lished in 1992, has been well-received, 
and Fran Abeles' Mathematical Pam- 
phlets has just hit the streets this week. 

Also in 1992, we published an edi- 
tion of The Hunting of the Snark with 
new illustrations by Jonathan Dixon. 
Anyone who hasn' t bought a copy of this 
lavishly illustrated edition should do so 
at once — this is Jonathan's first book, 
and we all know he is destined to go far. 

And what of our meetings in the past 
four years? Enough tribute cannot be 
paid to Janet Jurist, our meeting coordi- 
nator, who secured speakers as diverse as 
Adolph Green, William Jay Smith, and a 
pair of high school students from New 
Jersey. We have heard opera, visited San 
Francisco, and taken a tour of members' 
collections. To cap it all off, this summer 
saw the convening of the Second Inter- 
national Lewis Carroll Conference — an 
event whose tremendous success was 
due to the superb work of the Conference 
Committee that assisted this lowly chair- 
man — Joel Birenbaum, Ellie Luchinsky, 
David Schaefer, Maxine Schaefer, 
Stephanie Stoffel, and Alan Tannenbaum. 

An exciting four years, to say the 
least, but now we come to a time of major 
transition in our Society, and we must 
look to the future. After eighteen years 
of service, Edward Guiliano retired as 
head of the publications committee in 
1992. Stan Marx, the founder of the 
Society, died this past July. Maxine 
Schaefer, our loyal and hard working 

secretary for all of the Society's twenty 
years, retires this fall. At the same time, 
a new and different Executive Board, 
augmented by newly involved members 
we are happy to welcome, assumes of- 
fice. Where do we go from here? 

I believe we forge ahead on the path 
so boldly blazed by Stan, Edward, 
Maxine, and all the other founding mem- 
ber of this Society. With two volumes 
published, the pamphlets series is poised 
to continue full steam ahead, albeit with 
a new pair of series editors. Work on 
continuing that series has already taken 
me to New York to meet with Stan's 
daughter, Jo David, and look over Stan's 
papers. As always, the LCSNA leads to 
new friends. An even more immediate 
publishing project is the production of 
the Proceedings of the International Con- 
ference, a book which will contain sev- 
enteen essays and fill 192 pages. I have 
been working on this book for the past 
two months, and most of it has been set in 
page proofs. With luck, by early next 
year those who did not attend the confer- 
ence will be able to benefit from the fine 
scholarship presented there. 

These are the continuations of projects 
started in this administration and earlier, 
however. If I could leave a single task for 
the Executive Board and membership to 
accomplish in the next four years it would 
be to assure the continued survival of the 
LCSNA by reaching out to the young 
people of this country and finding ways 
to interest them in Carroll and his work. 
Dave Schaefer recently raised this issue 
to me, and it may be the most important 
one we ever face, for without the partici- 
pation of the next generation, this Soci- 
ety is ultimately doomed. 

So, I charge you with this task. Find 
a way to involve teenagers and college 
students and young adults in our Society, 
so that, in another twenty years, the next 
major transition for the LCSNA will not 
be its demise, but the passing of the torch 
to the next generation, eager to keep it 
burning bright. 

In the meantime, I thank you for four 
eventful, fruitful, and exciting years and 
for the contributions made by those 
named in this column and all those others 
not named but whose assistance was in- 
valuable. Interacting with you is the part 
of the job I will truly miss! 

©Jf ]&®®^ 8c ©P3^(S £ 

Diaries Will Be Complete 

During the closing panel discussion of the First Interna- 
tional Lewis Carroll Conference in Oxford in 1989, delegates 
agreed that Carroll scholars needed greater access to primary 
materials — Dodgson's published works and the manuscript 
items he left behind. The LCSNA has filled part of this need by 
publishing The Complete Pamphlets of Lewis Carroll. Now, 
The Lewis Carroll Society of London is undertaking to fill 
another gap by publishing Carroll's surviving diaries in a 
complete unexpurgated edition. Since nine volumes of jour- 
nals survive, the series will extend to nine books, each repro- 
ducing the text of one journal volume, together with notes by 
Edward Wakeling. Volume I, which covers January to Septem- 
ber of 1 855 is currently available, and orders are being accepted 
for the soon to be published Volume II, covering January to 
December of 1 856. 

It is a daunting task which Mr. Wakeling has taken on — to 
edit the complete diaries. Luckily, the estate and family of 
Roger Lancelyn Green, who edited the diaries for publication 
in 1954, have graciously allowed Wakeling to use Green's 
original notes and to reprint his introduction. The 1954 edition 
of the diaries included about three-quarters of the text. The 
expurgated portions included information on Carroll's math- 
ematical thoughts and some mentions of friends and col- 
leagues, as well as other entries. The original edition empha- 
sized Carroll's literary career, which, at the time, was what 
most interested scholars and readers. Now, the complete 
diaries can add to our knowledge of other facets of Carroll 
which have come under study in the past three decades. Wakeling 
not only provides us with uncut text, but he indicates where the 
original journals are cut — that is, where pages have been 
excised by an unknown party at an unknown time. 

Surely if I had been given the task of editing these diaries 
(along with the decade or so of free time that task will certainly 
require) I might have approached things slightly differently, 
but this is not to quibble with the job Wakeling has done. I 
might have added even more notes, and certainly would have 
included many photographs, and that no doubt would have led 
some other reviewer to criticize me for getting in the way of 
Carroll's original. I might also have bound these volumes in 
cloth rather than the paper-covered board of Volume I — if for 
no other reason than to ensure the long-term survival of such 
important books. These are all suggestions that cost money, 
however, and producing such volumes is an expensive under- 
taking for a small literary society, as the LCSNA well knows. 
Instead of speculating on such possibilities, let me simply say 
this — you must buy these books. No serious collection of 
Carrollian reference materials can be complete without these 
uncut diaries. Although they are not inexpensive, they are well 
worth the price and, as with our own series of Carroll's 
pamphlets, the purchase of each volume contributes to the 

publication of the next. The vol- 
umes are currently priced at £20 each, 
if purchased from the Society. They 
request that you add 1 0% for post- 
age. Orders should be sent to Sarah 
Stanfield, Little Folly, 1 05 The Street, Willesborough, Ashford, 
Kent, TN24 ONB. I might suggest paying for several volumes 
at once — you'll save on money exchange charges and help 
ensure the continued publication of this important series. 

Book Examines Carroll/ 
MacDonald Relationship 

John Docherty, the editor/librarian and secretary of the 
George MacDonald Society has written a book which delves 
into the friendship between Lewis Carroll and his fellow 
fantasy writer, George MacDonald. MacDonald was instru- 
mental in convincing Carroll to publish Alice's Adventures in 
Wonderland. Of his book, Docherty writes: 

This is the first study of how forty years of opposition 
in friendship between two Victorian writers influenced 
their writing — George MacDonald' s early short stories 
and his romances Phantastes and Lilith, and Charles 
Dodgson's Alice and Sylvie and Bruno books. These 
stories lend themselves to comparative study because in 
them MacDonald and Dodgson deliberately parody 
each other's plots as well as criticize each other's life 
styles. Dodgson's humorous criticism highlights many 
crucial aspects of MacDonald' s religious exposition, 
plot structure, and literary allusion not recognized by 
any other critics. For example, many aspects of the 
theme of exploration of the microcosm in MacDonald' s 
seminal fantasy Phantastes are criticized in Alice's 
Adventures in Wonderland, where Alice explores the 
different parts of her soul-body in the course of learning 
the four Cardinal Virtues. MacDonald does the same 
sort of thing with Dodgson's stories, although his hu- 
mor is more ironic. The common assumption that their 
fantasy stories lack plots has led to a failure to recognize 
not only the true spiritual import of these stories but also 
a major part of their humor. 

It seems there is no end to the critical looking-glasses to 
which Carroll's work will be help up, and those who delight in 
this sort of literary detective work will no doubt want to read 
Docherty's contribution. Copies of The Literary Products of 
the Lewis Carroll — George MacDonald Friendship may be 
ordered from The Edwin Mellen Press, Order Dept., P.O. Box 
67, Queenston, Ontario, Canada, LOS 1LO (716) 754-2788. 
The 420-page book retails for about $110 plus shipping. 

Post-Conference Carrollian Tour 

Months ago, while making plans for the International Lewis 
Carroll Conference, it occurred to us that attendees from abroad 
were going to great lengths (literally) to travel to the U.S. We 
thought it only fair to do all we could to make their trip 
worthwhile. To this end a post-conference tour of Carroll 
collections on the east coast was organized. August Imholtz 
arranged for a visit to the Rosenbach Museum in Philadelphia 
and I contacted Princeton University in New Jersey and The 
Fales Library of NYU, The Pierpont Morgan Library, and the 
New York Public Library in New York. This agenda promised 
to satisfy the most knowledgeable Carrollian. 

August, David Schaefer, and I provided transportation and 
acted as hosts. The crew included Anne Clark Amor, Selwyn 
Goodacre, Edward Wakeling, and Alan White from England, 
Katsuko Kasai and Kimie Kusumoto from Japan, and Christina 
Bjork from Sweden. With a veritable who's who of Carrollians 
and armed with a Snark-hunting map (that is no map at all) we 
headed off in search of Lewis Carroll. 

We were all a bit tired from the full schedule of the 
conference, but were riding the crest of the fine program and 
good fellowship that we had shared. The first leg of the tour 
took us to the Washington, DC, area where we were hosted by 
August and Claire Imholtz and David and Maxine Schaefer. 
They provided us with food, drink, and an atmosphere for 
friendly discussion. 

August took us to the Library of Congress research facilities 
where he sat us each down in front of a computer terminal. 
Anne was pleased to see how easy it was to find all of her books 
listed in the computer, then she was off in a flurry of keys doing 
research. Other people were not so successful. Noticing 
Selwyn's look of chagrin, "August the Kind" took him by the 
hand and led him into another room and sat him in front of an 
archaic card catalog. He was in his element. My only regret 
was that I didn't get to take a photo in that brief moment while 
Selwyn was sitting at the terminal. Edward and Alan in the 
meantime were dumping 272 records of Carroll-related theses 
from CD-ROM. Apparently they didn't see the note flashing 
on their screen that the maximum allowed was 100. When our 
party heard that thousands of new records were added to the 
database every day, they threatened to go back again on 
Tuesday, but luckily we had other plans. 

Following the Library of Congress we were off to the Folger 
Library. Though the exhibit was closed, we did get to see the 
reproduction of the Globe Theater. As nobody else was there, 
Edward got up on the stage and performed a Shakespearean 
soliloquy in his non-traditional floppy hat. The guard came 
rushing in to chase him from the stage because impromptu 
performances were not allowed, regardless of talent level. 

That evening at the Schaefers' house we managed to get my 
Alice bibliographic database (that wouldn't load at the confer- 
ence) loaded on Edward's computer. We didn't have access to 
the sorting, indexing, and reporting tools, but we could look at 

by Joel Birenbaum 

the data. We showed Selwyn how he could peruse all Swedish 
Alices, as an example. He was mildly impressed. We then 
showed him an entry in the illustrator database with a note 
"Holdings: SHG." He yelled "Yes! Yes! I have that." He was, 
after seeing a couple more entries with his initials, an electronic 
database convert. Now I know what it takes to bring paper 
record people into the electronic age. 

Tuesday morning we arrived in Philadelphia just in time to 
have a quick lunch with Don Rackin who joined us for the day. 
Here Selwyn made another discovery. He loves Buffalo Wings 
(spicy chicken wings for the uninitiated). Lunch done, we 
walked around the corner to the Rosenbach Library and Mu- 
seum. The Library is located in A.S.W. Rosenbach' s old 
brownstone house. The setting of a posh private dwelling made 
the Library seem friendly and cozy. Our group was taken 
upstairs for viewing some rare items that had been selected for 
us. We saw our first two 1 865 Alices of the tour. We also got 
to see Dodgson's passport in which Anne found several Ger- 
man city stamps that had not been noticed before. This was the 
passport Dodgson carried on his sole foreign excursion to 
Russia that Anne had reported on at the conference. She was 
visibly moved as she held the passport in her hand. Our perusal 
of the Juvenile Magazine manuscript elicited much discussion 
on how much of the content was done by Dodgson and how 
much by his siblings. Next we got to examine the famous four 
photos of nude girls. We noticed that each photo had been 
produced via a different process. One had obviously had an 
overlay painted on top of it to cover the girls' private parts. 
Another seemed to be a photo of a girl's image cut out and 
pasted on top of a painted background scene and lacquered 
over. A third was thought to be a painting made using the photo 
as a model, as opposed to an actual painted photo. The last, the 
photo of Beatrice Hatch, was the most intriguing. The photo 
consisted of two glass plates and there were a few theories on 
exactly how the painting was done. When Edward turned the 
plates over, the plates separated. Due to the good luck of this 
minor mishap, we saw that the bottom glass plate had most of 
the coloring on it in the form of a shape roughly conforming to 
that of the young girl. The top plate was a simple positive photo 
developed from the negative. The darkness of the girl's face 
was on the positive and not painted in. Apparently the darkness 
was due to the girl's exposure to the sun. I think the darkness 
is exaggerated by the light color skin painted on the lower plate. 

A minor discovery occurred while Selwyn was working on 
his census of specially bound first editions of The Hunting of the 
Snark. A green Snark seen by itself may appear to be blue. Only 
when held next to a blue Snark is it clearly seen to be green. This 
is one of the benefits of having multiple copies of a book to 
examine at the same time. 

That night at dinner we discussed what we had seen. There 
was much learned and more to be learned. A group trip like this 
provides the opportunity for several people to study the same 

items together and bring their experience and unique talents to 
bear on discussions of their findings. We found this synergy to 
be more enlightening than individual study. 

Wednesday morning found us at Princeton to view the 
Parrish collection. We were still a-buzz about what we had seen 
the previous day. Alexander Wainwright, a founding member 
of the LCSNA, was our guide to the collection. He told us a bit 
about Morris Parrish's collecting habits and then we dove in. 
Parrish's guest book contained Alice Hargreaves' signature 
from her trip to the U.S. in 1932. There was a marvelous photo 
album with photos that none of us were familiar with. Once 
again we saw that even advanced Carrollians are constantly 
amazed by new finds. Our eyes feasted on a myriad of inscribed 
copies. Then and only then were we allowed to look at the items 
arranged in the cases behind us. We eagerly descended on the 
cases. All of a sudden we heard a little yelp of joy. It was Anne! 
She had spotted the original manuscript volumes of Dodgson's 
Russian diary. After spending so much time recently studying 
the Russian Journal for her talk, she was thrilled to see the 
original. She had no idea it was at Princeton or that it was 
composed of two volumes. Time and again we were reminded 
of the importance of being able to study original manuscripts as 
opposed to transcripts. 

Our Princeton hosts treated us to a fine lunch after which we 
were scheduled to leave for New York. Everybody agreed that 
we needed more time to study the Parrish collection, so with our 
host's permission we went back to the library for two more 
hours. This was another day we all marked with a white stone. 

We did finally make it to New York where we rested for all 
of an hour before going to a cocktail party at Janet Jurist's 
home. We met Michael Patrick Hearn and Marianne Assnusen, 
the curator of the Karen Blixen (aka Isaak Dinesen) Museum, 
and had an evening of lively discussion. What a difference it 
makes in a tour such as this to have a break from hotels and 
restaurants and to be invited into the warmth of a friend' s home. 

Thursday morning we were at the Fales Library of NYU to 
view the Berol collection. I had seen some of this before, but 
I never realized the full extent of the collection. There was a 
proof copy of Alice which predates the 1 865 and the manuscript 
of Useful and Instructive Poetry. Of interest to me was Alice' s 
copy of The Nursery Alice. This was one where the illustrations 
do not appear in color, but merely in brown outline. Carroll 
preferred to give a copy with only line drawings rather than the 
first edition with illustrations that he considered to be garishly 
colored. This edition clearly shows the missing bows in Alice's 
hair in some of the illustrations. We also saw some hand- 
colored proofs that had the bows painted in. I now have only 
one more source item to view before writing an article on the 
faulty illustrations in The Nursery Alice. 

We had a short stop at the Strand Bookstore (8 miles of 
books is the claim) on our way to the Pierpont Morgan Library. 
It is no small task to get Kimie Kusumoto out of a bookstore in 
20 minutes (to say nothing of the others). Some of us remember 
the Morgan from the 1 982 exhibition in honor of the sesquicen- 
tennial of Carroll's birth. This time we saw different items from 
the Houghton and other collections and we were able to get a 
little closer to them. It is quite helpful not to have a glass case 
between you and the object being studied. Again, the selection 

of materials was perfect. We saw original Tenniel drawings, 
more proofs for The Nursery Alice, a Punch album of Alice in 
Wonderland, one of the Morgan's two copies of the 1 865 Alice, 
and some of Alice Hargreaves' personal effects. 

Thursday night Fran and Ernest Abeles invited the group to 
dinner at their home. The dinner was excellent, but the wine 
was truly an experience. We tasted wines from California, New 
York, France and maybe elsewhere. After a while you lose 
track. I do remember Selwyn's stating quite strongly towards 
the end of the evening that the Limited Editions Club Alice was 
by far the best smelling Alice. Apparently nobody at the table 
felt qualified to argue the point, because there was no reply. 

Shortly after breakfast on Friday we bid good-bye to 
Katsuko Kasai, who had to catch an early flight. It was an 
emotional parting and as we walked down the block to hail our 
cabs we turned and waved, much as the White Knight to Alice. 
We had become a close knit team on our journey and this was 
a reminder that our dream was nearing an end, but we sum- 
moned up our courage and went on. 

As you can imagine, everyone was looking a little pale by 
this time after spending all those hours in libraries, so we 
decided to go to Central Park in search of the Alice in Wonder- 
land fountain. I can hear everyone saying "It's a statue," but 
I'm not talking about the famous Delacorte statue. Some years 
ago Alice Berkey sent me an article about an Alice fountain that 
had been donated to the city in the 1920s and I actually found 
it. It had been unused for years and was in a corner of the park 
that was in disrepair. It was a beautiful cement fountain with 
Alice characters and sayings on it and it was sad to see it unused 
and hidden from the public. So, armed with hope we went 
traipsing around Central Park. We couldn't find it and nobody 
we asked had heard of it. We decided to salvage the day by 
going to the Delacorte statue where we took several group 
pictures before heading to get a taxi. Then I heard Selwyn say 
"What's that?" It was the fountain. They had moved it, cleaned 
it, and put it in working order. Children were romping all 
around it, splashing and playing. If Lewis Carroll was not 
smiling down at that sight, eight Carrollians from around the 
globe were. 

We barely made it to the main branch of the New York 
Public Library in time for our appointment to view the Berg 
Collection. You would think by this time our appetite for 
Carrolliana would be sated. No such thing. Francis Mattson, 
curator of the Berg Collection and long time member of the 
LCSNA, had selected treasures that revitalized our interest. He 
had several presentation copies with hand written poems in 
them just for starters. Although we were only there for an hour 
and a half, we saw Tenniel drawings, letters, a strange dice 
game with leather dice cups that had belonged to Carroll, and, 
oh yes, an 1865 Alice. 

Looking back on what we accomplished in a span of just 
four days, I find it hard to believe. It is the kind of experience 
that can never quite be reproduced. The chemistry evoked by 
the post-conference atmosphere, the bond created between the 
tour members, and the surprise at the number of new discover- 
ies is something that cannot be planned, but only happens when 
a good plan collides with great fortune. It was my extreme 
pleasure to have been involved with this wondrous expedition. 

Conference Exhibits Delight & Enlighten 

Two exhibits staged in conjunction with the Second 
International Lewis Carroll Conference this past summer in 
Winston-Salem, NC, showcased the two most famous facets 
of Lewis Carroll's personality — his whimsical humor and 
his serious intellect. The exhibits were mounted in the living 
room of the magnificent manor house at the Graylyn Confer- 
ence Center, giving conference participants ample opportu- 
nity to view them before and after meals, during social 
hours, and during their occasional free time. 

The first exhibit, a fascinating display of cartoons in- 
spired by Carroll's works, was organized and created by 
Ellie Luchinsky. As Carroll often parodied well-known 
authors of his time in print, it is somehow fitting that he 
himself has become the source of so much parody and satire. 
The universal recognition of characters from the Alice books 
provides a point of reference for cartoonists. Ellie made 
enlargements of the cartoons she chose to exhibit and 
mounted them for easy viewing by conference participants. 
The variety of political and social commentary would no 
doubt have surprised Mr. Dodgson. 

The second exhibit occupied only two small glass cases 
in the center of the room, yet it may well have been the 
largest exhibit of its type ever mounted. Coordinated by 
David Schaefer, the display featured mathematical works by 
Charles Dodgson, an appropriate choice of subject given the 

LCSNA's publication of Carroll's complete mathematical 
pamphlets this year. 

The exhibit included over twenty items, from The Fifth 
Book of Euclid (an 1858 work whose authorship is in some 
doubt but which, if by Dodgson, would be his earliest 
separately published piece) to Curiosa Mathematica Part II, 
Pillow Problems, which was displayed in both the 1893 and 
1895 editions. The intervening years of Carroll's math- 
ematical career were represented by pamphlets, cyclostyled 
sheets, offprints, and books. The exhibit also included a set 
of mathematical problems in manuscript that Dodgson had 
given to Professor Bartholomew Price (aka the Bat). Items 
for the exhibit were loaned by David and Maxine Schaefer, 
Charlie Lovett and Stephanie Stoffel, Edward Wakeling, 
Selwyn Goodacre, and David and Denise Carlson. 

A catalogue of the mathematical exhibit was prepared by 
Edward Wakeling and David Schaefer, and copies were 
distributed to those attending the conference. Many del- 
egates remarked what a treat it was to see so many rare 
mathematical items together in one place. Thanks are due to 
David Schaefer and all those members who contributed to 
the exhibit for providing this unique look into work which, 
at the time he wrote it, Carroll probably considered more 
important than the much more frequently exhibited Alice 

Order Your Copy of Carroll's Mathematical Pamphlets 


Last minute editorial changes were not the only reason for the slight 
delay in the publication of The Mathematical Pamphlets of Charles L. 
Dodgson, edited by Fran Abeles. Lewis Carroll would no doubt have 
been proud of the fact that, because of a poor printing job, the initial 
copies of the book had to be rejected and the printing started over. The 
book is currently scheduled to ship to members on November 1 5. We 
apologize for any inconvenience this delay might have caused to those 

who have already ordered copies. To the rest of you, we encourage you 
to order today. As a member of the LCSNA you are entitled to a 20% 
discount off the $65 cover price — nearly enough savings to pay your 
membership dues! Fran's book is the definitive look at Carroll as 
mathematician, and includes pamphlets that have not been reprinted 
since theiroriginal appearances in Carroll's lifetime. Don'tmissyour 
chance for great savings on this important volume — order today! 

To order copies of The Mathematical Pamphlets of Charles L. Dodgson and Related Pieces, please send $52, 
plus $3 shipping and handling to the below address. List price for the book is $65. LCSNA members receive 
a 20% discount. Supplies are limited, so please order as quickly as possible. Make checks payable to LCSNA. 

Name and Address: 

Amount Enclosed ($55 per volume). 

Return to: Charlie Lovett, 10714 West 128th Court, Overland Park, Kansas, 66213 



Chicago Group 

We have heard from several people 
how much they enjoyed the informal 
meeting of Chicago area LCSNA mem- 
bers that was held on Saturday, August 
27th at The Duke of Perth restaurant. 
In attendance were Tom Bickert, Joel 
Birenbaum, Mia De Santis, Alfred 
Lipsey, Jan Susina, and Max Ziff. Joel 
and Jan related some experiences from 
the International Conference and the 
group members discussed their links to 
Lewis Carroll. A fun time was had by 
all and an agreement was made to meet 
again. For those of you in areas that do 
not host LCSNA meetings, organizing 
a group of local enthusiasts is a good 
way to meet fellow Carrollians. If you 
would like to start such a group, please 
write to the secretary (address on back) 
and request a copy of the latest mailing 
list. You might also find new 
Carrollians by putting up notices at 
your local public library and book- 
store. Make sure you tell them about 
the LCSNA! 

British Society 
Offers Books 

The Lewis Carroll Society, London, 
recently published a list of books and 
other items available through their pub- 
lications unit. In addition to the Lewis 
Carroll Diaries (reviewed on page 3 of 
this AX) and copies of the LCSNA- 
published The Hunting of the Snark, 
illustrated by Jonathan Dixon (this of 
course also being available from the 
LCSNA), the catalog offers a variety 
of books, pamphlets, and postcards, 
mostly at very modest prices. Some of 

the items are published by 
the Society, and others are 
merely sold through their 
catalogue, but all are of in- 
terest to Carrollians. Where 
- else can you buy a book of 
Carroll Crosswords, a copy 
of the order of service for the 1982 
dedication of the Lewis Carroll Memo- 
rial in Westminster Abbey, a set of 
Brian Partridge postcards, a copy of 
the out-of-print Lewis Carroll Hand- 
book, or back issues of Jabberwocky, 
the always informative journal of the 
LCS? Most of the smaller booklets are 
in the £3-£5 range, with postcards sell- 
ing for 40p and a limited private press 
edition of The Gardener's Song selling 
for £25. For a copy of this catalog, 
write to LCS, c/o Sarah Stanfield, Little 
Folly, 105 The Street, Willesborough, 
Ashford, Kent, TN24 ONB. 

Did this Belong 
to Carroll? 

Reader and collector Sandor Burstein 
writes to enquire about labels on cer- 
tain items in his collection. "Items in 
my possession have printed labels 
which state, 'This was the property of 
LEWIS CARROLL.' I suspect that 
they were made for a dealer's sale in 

the 1 930s, but have no more data than 
that. Do any KL readers or collectors 
have similar labels in their collections 
or information about them?" Joseph 
Brabant also has such labels on items 
in his collection, as do Charlie Lovett 
and Stephanie Stoffel. The labels are 
made of paper and are quite small, but 
seem to have survived in good shape in 
many cases. From what sale did these 
labels originate? All the items this 
editor has seen with the labels seem to 
be legitimately from Carroll's estate, 
yet many items from his estate survive 
without such labels. Perhaps a census 
of items with labels would be useful in 
determining their origin. At the same 
time, I would be interested in making a 
census of items which contain a Gothic 
lettered ink stamp reading "Charles L. 
Dodgson." This stamp has been iden- 
tified various places as having belonged 
to Carroll, and I possess at least one 
item in my collection which has both 
the stamp and the label. If you have 
any such items in your collection, why 
not send descriptions of them to this 
lame duck editor (Charlie Lovett, 1 07 1 4 
West 128th Court, Overland Park, KS, 
66213 or via e-mail at Charlie 103 
@aokcom) and we'll see if such a 
census helps solve the mystery of these 
items. Of course, if you already know 
the answers, you could always tell us 
that, too! 

Two volumes of The Com- dttjt t s~\ r^ jy A P ]— I ED'C 
plete Pamphlets of Lewis D 1 D L 1 w O \SJ\Y nCtVJ 

Carroll have now been com- ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

pleted, but the series will ultimately contain five or six volumes — 
each filled with pamphlets previously available only in private 
collections or rare book libraries. When the project was begun in 
1985, Stan Marx tried to track down copies of all known pamphlets. 
Since that time, many other pamphlets have come to light, and some 
of these are included in the first two volumes. With the death of Stan 
and the retirement of his co-editor Edward Guiliano, new editors 
will be taking the reigns of the project, and they need your help. Are 
there pamphlets which have surfaced in the past decade that we do 
not know of? Please send us any information possible on separately 
published Lewis Carroll/Charles Dodgson items in your collection or that you 
know of elsewhere which are not listed in The Lewis Carroll Handbook or 
contained in the first two volumes of the series. For now you may send this 
information to Charlie Lovett, 10714 W. 128th Ct., Overland Park, KS, 
66213. Please help us be right when we use the word "Complete." 







trotx Our rar-fiomfi 

Friends of Stan Marx may wish to know 
that obituaries for him appeared in the 
July 1 7 edition of the New York Times, 
and on the front page of the August 4 
edition of The Roslyn News. 

Barnes and Noble has reissued the None- 
such omnibus of Lewis Carroll's works 
under their own imprint with no indica- 
tion that it is a reprint. Unsuspecting 
purchasers who read the introductory 
material (printed originally over fifty 
years ago) will believe that they hold the 
first reprinting of several Carroll items 
since the 19th century. Well, at least 
they'll be reading Carroll. 

The good news: Irwin Allen's two night 
mini-series of Alice is now available on 
videotape at most video stores. The bad 
news: Irwin Allen's two night mini- 
series of Alice is now available on video- 
tape at most video stores. 

The 1994 Stratford Festival in Ontario, 
Canada, not only presented Alice Through 
the Looking-Glass, adapted by James 
Rainey, but also a lecture by Robertson 
Davies on the "19th Century World of 
Lewis Carroll." This editor is insanely 
jealous of anyone who got to hear his 
favorite living author discuss his favorite 
dead one. 

The Russian House (253 Fifth Ave., New 
York, NY, 10016) offers Lewis Carroll 
in Russian, Translations of Alice in Won- 
derland 1879-1989 by Dr. Fan Parker, 
member of the LCSNA. The book sells 
for $15, and is a must for anyone inter- 
ested in foreign Alices. 


The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY, 
(1-800-468-7386) offers a stained glass 
reproduction of Geoffrey Webb's tea- 
party panel from the Lewis Carroll Me- 
morial window at Daresbury. The panel 
is 9" x 12" and sells for $70 plus shipping 
and handling. Past Times Catalogue ( 1 - 
800-621-6020) offers another small re- 
production of a different panel from the 
window for $32.50, as well as an Alice 
diary for $9.95, and an Alice chess set for 

Martin Bradley has executed 64 litho- 
graphs to illustrate his version of Alice in 
Wonderland. At least 20 colors have 
been used. This limited edition is avail- 
able from Galerie Flak, 8 Rue des Beaux- 
Arts, Paris, 6e, for 17,000 Francs (about 

An edition of Alice and Looking-Glass 
published by the Quality Paperback Club 
includes an introduction by Camille 
Paglia which really has to be read. Amidst 
some angry feminist remarks and some 
factual errors, this critic draws conclu- 
sions which seem to detract from, rather 
than admire these works. The book lists 
for $15.95 

The Music Stand (1-800-414-4010) of- 
fers six Alice t-shirts in the widely avail- 
able wild design that has been popular of 
late, an Alice doll, the famous Cheshire 
Cat coffee mug, and what may very well 
be the first ever Alice snow-globe — a 
glass globe filled with water and "snow" 
surrounding a scene from Alice. 

The Folio Society in England (US ad- 
dress: Post Office Box 694, Holmes, PA, 
19043) is giving away their boxed set of 
the Alice books with inquiries about mem- 
bership. The books are free to keep just 
for the asking, even if one does not join 
the group. 

The September 19th edition of Antique 
Week included an article titled "Collec- 
tors Won't be Late When They Buy 
Wonderland Material," which was really 
more about Lewis Carroll than about 
collecting. The article featured an odd 
choice of illustrations, mostly of fairly 
ordinary editions of Alice, but did men- 
tion the LCSNA, albeit under the cat- 
egory of "clubs." 

And so it ends . . . with neither bang nor 
whimper. On this final page of my final 
Knight Letter, / would like to express my 
thanks to all of you who have contributed 
to the ninety-two pages that have cranked 
out of my computer over the past four 
years. Editing this newsletter, and ex- 
panding it to fit in as many of your 
contributions as possible, has been a 
privilege and a treat. I am now happy to 
hand over the editorship to long-time 
LCSNA member Mark Burstein, who 
confessed at the International Carroll 
Conference that Carroll is in his blood. 
"It's genetic, " he said — not a surprising 
comment to anyone who knows his father 
Sandor. I know Mark will keep you 
entertained and informed on these pages 
in the future. As for my self—Tm starting 
grad school and still editing Lewis Carroll 
books. Unlike Mac Arthur & the Cheshire 
Cat, I have no intention of fading away. 

For assistance in preparing this issue we would like to thank: Joel Birenbaum, Sandor Burstein, John Docherty, Lucille Posner, and 
David and Maxine Schaefer. 

Knight Letter is the official newsletter of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. It is published quarterly and is distributed 
free to all members. Subscriptions, business correspondence, and inquiries should be addressed to the Secretary, LCSNA, 617 
Rockford Road, Silver Spring, Maryland, 20902. Annual membership dues are $20 (regular) & $50 (sustaining). This issue edited 
by Charlie Lovett, 10714 West 128th Court, Overland Park, KS, 66213 ore-mail at Future submissions and 
editorial correspondence should be sent to the new editor, Mark Burstein, 341 Lovell Ave., Mill Valley, CA, 94941 or e-mail at